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Essays On Walter Gropius

Essay about Walter Gropius and The Bauhaus Movement

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Simplicity vs. over simple?
The Bauhaus, meaning house of construction was the most influential art school that combined the fine arts and the crafts as one. The Bauhaus was a modernist movement founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius in Weimar Yet, the Memphis Group was a post modernist movement. Established by Ettore Sottsass, the Memphis Group was a group of Italian designers and architects. Founded in Milan in 1981, the group challenged the perception of ‘good design’ through ornamental pieces. The movements were both equally different in the way they approached design, however, with the same intent of social change.

The Bauhaus and Memphis Group movements were a huge influence in the design world. These movements had a particular aim,…show more content…

Simplicity vs. over simple?
The Bauhaus, meaning house of construction was the most influential art school that combined the fine arts and the crafts as one. The Bauhaus was a modernist movement founded in 1919 by Walter Gropius in Weimar Yet, the Memphis Group was a post modernist movement. Established by Ettore Sottsass, the Memphis Group was a group of Italian designers and architects. Founded in Milan in 1981, the group challenged the perception of ‘good design’ through ornamental pieces. The movements were both equally different in the way they approached design, however, with the same intent of social change.

The Bauhaus and Memphis Group movements were a huge influence in the design world. These movements had a particular aim, as well as being influenced by other art movements, they were able to create their own unique movement.

The English arts and crafts movement, modernism and constructivism were main influences of the Bauhaus. Walter Gropius idea was to merge these influences, to make the reigning principles of form and function. The idea that design is a service of the public, and a belief in the perfection and efficiency of geometry. [1] Gropius aim was then to bring artist and craftspeople together, in order to take on technological developments. It was evident that technology was the future and with the use of machines brought opportunities to mass-produce beautiful products for everyday use. The Bauhaus embraced the ‘machine aesthetic’ as artists

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Essay on The Bauhaus Movement

906 Words4 Pages

Bauhaus

Post World War I Germany set the stage for the most organized art movement in art history. The Bauhaus movement was a reaction to the social changes the Germans were facing. The country had been crushed in the war. Their economy was collapsing. Mobs of unemployed people roamed the street waiting for the country to collapse. The Germans were living in poverty and starving from the lack of supplies (Jackson). "This may seem to be an unlikely environment to support an artistic revolution. Never-the-less, for the designers of the Bauhaus, this was the beginning of a rewarding struggle" (qtd. Brodie).

In 1919 an institution called the Bauhaus was formed in Weimer. Walter Gropius was appointed as the head of the school. He had…show more content…

The buildings were built from tax money for the workers. Although the workers disliked the new classical form social housing that the Bauhaus had designed. (Jackson).

This set the school up for failure in the community. The Weimer community also thought the students were extremely radical in their appearance and behavior. The fact that women were aloud in the school and the classes were not segregated was a very modern step for the school. This influenced the women to wear their hair short and dress modern. They were being viewed as being too radical for Weiner. They were becoming more and more isolated from the community. (Boedie). In April 1925, the Thuringer government withdrew its economic support for the institute because of the political pressure that was rising in the community (Jackson).

The progressive industrial city of Dessau became the new home for the Bauhaus. For funds they created the Bauhaus GmbH to market their designs and products. They also held workshop for craftsmen to learn their techniques. Breaking away from the government funding and control gave full independence to the group. Gropius turned the Bauhaus leadership over to a Swiss architect named Hannes Meyer in 1928 (Wu.) In 1932 the National Socialist Party was in control of Dessau. They claimed that the Bauhaus was "manifestation of Jewish-Marxist

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