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Mla Essay Frontpage

MLA General Format


MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page.

Contributors: Tony Russell, Allen Brizee, Elizabeth Angeli, Russell Keck, Joshua M. Paiz, Michelle Campbell, Rodrigo Rodríguez-Fuentes, Daniel P. Kenzie, Susan Wegener, Maryam Ghafoor, Purdue OWL Staff
Last Edited: 2016-08-11 04:27:59

MLA style specifies guidelines for formatting manuscripts and using the English language in writing. MLA style also provides writers with a system for referencing their sources through parenthetical citation in their essays and Works Cited pages.

Writers who properly use MLA also build their credibility by demonstrating accountability to their source material. Most importantly, the use of MLA style can protect writers from accusations of plagiarism, which is the purposeful or accidental uncredited use of source material by other writers.

If you are asked to use MLA format, be sure to consult the MLA Handbook (8th edition). Publishing scholars and graduate students should also consult the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing (3rd edition). The MLA Handbook is available in most writing centers and reference libraries; it is also widely available in bookstores, libraries, and at the MLA web site. See the Additional Resources section of this handout for a list of helpful books and sites about using MLA style.

Paper Format

The preparation of papers and manuscripts in MLA style is covered in chapter four of the MLA Handbook, and chapter four of the MLA Style Manual. Below are some basic guidelines for formatting a paper in MLA style.

General Guidelines

  • Type your paper on a computer and print it out on standard, white 8.5 x 11-inch paper.
  • Double-space the text of your paper, and use a legible font (e.g. Times New Roman). Whatever font you choose, MLA recommends that the regular and italics type styles contrast enough that they are recognizable one from another. The font size should be 12 pt.
  • Leave only one space after periods or other punctuation marks (unless otherwise instructed by your instructor).
  • Set the margins of your document to 1 inch on all sides.
  • Indent the first line of paragraphs one half-inch from the left margin. MLA recommends that you use the Tab key as opposed to pushing the Space Bar five times.
  • Create a header that numbers all pages consecutively in the upper right-hand corner, one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin. (Note: Your instructor may ask that you omit the number on your first page. Always follow your instructor's guidelines.)
  • Use italics throughout your essay for the titles of longer works and, only when absolutely necessary, providing emphasis.
  • If you have any endnotes, include them on a separate page before your Works Cited page. Entitle the section Notes (centered, unformatted).

Formatting the First Page of Your Paper

  • Do not make a title page for your paper unless specifically requested.
  • In the upper left-hand corner of the first page, list your name, your instructor's name, the course, and the date. Again, be sure to use double-spaced text.
  • Double space again and center the title. Do not underline, italicize, or place your title in quotation marks; write the title in Title Case (standard capitalization), not in all capital letters.
  • Use quotation marks and/or italics when referring to other works in your title, just as you would in your text: Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas as Morality Play; Human Weariness in "After Apple Picking"
  • Double space between the title and the first line of the text.
  • Create a header in the upper right-hand corner that includes your last name, followed by a space with a page number; number all pages consecutively with Arabic numerals (1, 2, 3, 4, etc.), one-half inch from the top and flush with the right margin. (Note: Your instructor or other readers may ask that you omit last name/page number header on your first page. Always follow instructor guidelines.)

Here is a sample of the first page of a paper in MLA style:

Image Caption: The First Page of an MLA Paper

Section Headings

Writers sometimes use Section Headings to improve a document’s readability. These sections may include individual chapters or other named parts of a book or essay.


MLA recommends that when you divide an essay into sections that you number those sections with an arabic number and a period followed by a space and the section name.

1. Early Writings

2. The London Years

3. Traveling the Continent

4. Final Years


MLA does not have a prescribed system of headings for books (for more information on headings, please see page 146 in the MLA Style Manual and Guide to Scholarly Publishing, 3rd edition). If you are only using one level of headings, meaning that all of the sections are distinct and parallel and have no additional sections that fit within them, MLA recommends that these sections resemble one another grammatically. For instance, if your headings are typically short phrases, make all of the headings short phrases (and not, for example, full sentences). Otherwise, the formatting is up to you. It should, however, be consistent throughout the document.

If you employ multiple levels of headings (some of your sections have sections within sections), you may want to provide a key of your chosen level headings and their formatting to your instructor or editor.

Sample Section Headings

The following sample headings are meant to be used only as a reference. You may employ whatever system of formatting that works best for you so long as it remains consistent throughout the document.


1. Soil Conservation

1.1 Erosion

1.2 Terracing

2. Water Conservation

3. Energy Conservation

Formatted, unnumbered:

Level 1 Heading: bold, flush left

Level 2 Heading: italics, flush left

     Level 3 Heading: centered, bold

     Level 4 Heading: centered, italics

Level 5 Heading: underlined, flush left

The Modern Language Association (MLA) updates its recommendations for how to format an essay every so many years.

The most recent MLA essay format guidelines were published in the MLA Handbook, 8th Edition, available here.

It consists of a basic set of principles, rather than rules, that allows for some flexibility in terms of how a student cites and references sources.

The key concepts of MLA formatting are also available in this nifty and easy to use infograph from Purdue OWL.

The main points to remember when formatting a paper are to be consistent, to adhere to the fundamentals, and to provide as much relevant info as possible.

In this article, we’ll examine how to write a paper following the concepts put forward by the MLA.

We’ll give you some examples along the way too.

The current MLA essay format is fairly straight forward and easy to follow. Let’s look at the basic format for this type of paper.


MLA essays should be type-written on standard white paper, 8.5 x 11”.

Margins should be 1” on all sides (left, right, top and bottom).

Text should be double-spaced and the font typically recommended for use is Times New Roman, 12 pt. size.

In the first row of the upper left-hand corner of the first page is where you would place your name.

Below that should go the name of your instructor.

Below that should come the name of the course.

And on the fourth double-spaced line below that should be the date.

Then comes the title, which should be centered. See here for how to create great essay titles. The title should not be bolded, underlined or placed in quotation marks.

The header will consist of the page number and your last name (name followed by page number) and be situated in the upper right-hand corner in the margin (½” from the top of the page).

Here is an example of how your first page should look. Notice there is no separate title page for an MLA style document.

Also, notice that the title of essay contains an italicized set of words: this is because this set of words is the title of a novel by Gogol.

If you incorporate the title of a novel or other published book in your title, it should be italicized.

If you include the title of a short story in your essay title, that short story should be contained in quotation marks.

Notice too that the double-space format of the document is consistent and does not change throughout.

All lines remain double-spaced, and there are no extra spaces placed between the title of the document and the introduction of the essay.

Every line is equally spaced from its neighbours.

The first line of the essay should be indented (as should all subsequent new paragraphs) five spaces or ½”.

If you are using Word to type your paper, the spacing configurations should already be set by default to adhere to these settings.

Section Headings

Section headings can be used to break up the paper into parts.

This can be an especially useful organizational method for longer papers as it helps the reader to see how the essay is laid out.

Section headings can be formatted or unformatted.

They can be numbered (1, 2, 3…etc.) or not.

There is no defined rule for section headings.

However, whatever method you do employ, be sure to carry this method throughout the whole of the paper.

In other words, be consistent.

If you start off numbering section headings, be sure to do so all the way through the essay.

If you don’t use numbers, consider formatting the headings so that section headings and sub-headings stand out uniquely one from the other.

A common practice with formatting section headings and sub-headings is to follow this formula:

Level 1 Heading: bold, flush left

Level 2 Heading: italics, flush left

Level 3 Heading: centered, bold

Level 4 Heading: centered, italics

Level 5 Heading: underlined, flush left

So, for example, the first main section heading you use would be LEVEL 1.

If there is a sub-heading within this section, it would be LEVEL 2.

If there is a sub-section within this sub-section, it would be LEVEL 3, and so on.

Once you arrive at the next main section, you would use another LEVEL1 heading to start it off.


Sometimes you’ll want to use a longer quote from your source material in your essay.

If the quote is four or more lines, turn it into a block quote.

A block quote is set off from the paragraph in which it is placed.

The entire quote is indented and, like the rest of the paper, double-spaced.

The page number and name of the author (if not stated previously to indicate from where the quotation is taken) is included at the end of the quote.

Here is an example of a block quote used in an MLA essay.

In-text citations for direct quotes should appear like the one in the example above: (Gogol 27)—i.e., the author’s last name followed by the page number.

If a direct quote is not used but rather information is summarized, an in-text citation should still be applied, but in this case no page number is needed—just the author’s last name.

If the author’s name is stated in the actual sentence, then this will count as a citation and no parenthetical citation need be applied.

For more information on how to cite sources using MLA style, check out these articles: How to Cite a Website Using MLA  and How to Write an Annotated Bibliography.

Works Cited Page

When a work is cited in the essay, it must be referenced at the end of the document on the last page.

This page is entitled the Works Cited page.

References are listed in alphabetical order.

The basic format for a reference is: author’s name followed by title of work and publication data.

For example, a single-author book used as a reference will look like this on the Works Cited page:

Doe, Jane. Night of the Caller. Penguin, 2007.

A scholarly article will include information about the journal in which the article appears and look like this on the Works Cited page:

Rolf, Maximilian. “Dog Days in the Afternoon: The Plight of Urban Workers in the
1930s.” Journal of Worker’s Rights, vol. 23, no. 4, 2003, pp. 9-23.

Web sources can also be used—and in today’s day and age a lot of material used in writing papers may come from websites.

So it is important to know how to format this type of source in your Works Cited page. He is an example:

Durden, Tyler. “Bank of America; ‘This Could Get Ugly, We Think’.” ZeroHedge, 29
Aug. 2017, www.zerohedge.com/news/2017-08-29/bank-america-could-get-ugly-we-think. Accessed 9 Oct. 2017.

Notice that the URL is abbreviated by excluding the http:// at the beginning of the web address.

However, date of publication is still included as is a date that the source was accessed.

This helps readers know when the site was last used by the writer in case the site is no longer available for viewing.


When you go to write your essay, be sure to know what the guidelines and recommended practices are for the format and citation style you’re required to use.

Professors and teachers will typically let their students know which formatting method to abide by when they go to write their essays.

However, if this is not made clear, always ask.

MLA style is one of the most common formatting methods used by writers.

This method has changed over time and is sure to be refined again in the coming years.

So always check with MLA to see the latest updated version of the Association’s guidelines for formatting.

The big things to remember when writing your essay in MLA are:

  1. No title page! Everything is placed on the front page of the essay (see the example above).
  2. Section headings may be done however you like—just be consistent.
  3. A running header will include your last name followed by the page number of the document.
  4. In-text citations are simple and straightforward, usually consisting of the author’s last name followed by a line or page number. If the author’s name is already given in the sentence, there is no need to include it parenthetically. Likewise, if there is no direct quote, there is no need to include a line or page number.
  5. The references page will be called the “Works Cited” page and will include a list in alphabetical order of all the sources you referenced in your document.

Latest APA Format (6th edition)

How to Write a Paper in MLA Essay Format. (2017, October 13). Retrieved from https://www.aceyourpaper.com/citation-guides/mla/mla-essay-format/

Latest MLA Format (8th edition)

"How to Write a Paper in MLA Essay Format." Aceyourpaper.com. Student Network Resources Inc, 13 October. 2017. Web. 8 March 2018.

Latest Chicago Format (16th edition)

Student Network Resources Inc. "How to Write a Paper in MLA Essay Format." Aceyourpaper.com. https://www.aceyourpaper.com/citation-guides/mla/mla-essay-format/ (accessed March 8, 2018).

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